Stabilized IL-4-loaded PLGA films shift pro-inflammatory macrophages towards a regenerative phenotype in vitro

 

Macrophages are immune cells involved in wound healing and tissue regeneration; however, the sustained presence of proinflammatory macrophages in wound sites impairs healing. In this study, we shifted peritoneal macrophage polarization away from a proinflammatory (M1) phenotype through exposure to stabilized interleukin-4 (IL-4) in poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) films in combination with topographical guidance from electrospun poly-l-lactic acid fibers. To our knowledge, this was the first study to stabilize IL-4 with bovine serum albumin (BSA) within a biomaterial. When IL-4 was coloaded with BSA for stabilization, we saw increased IL-4 bioactivity compared to no added stabilization, trehalose stabilization, or murine serum albumin stabilization. We observed increased elongation of peritoneal macrophages, increased RNA expression of anti-inflammatory marker arginase-1, increased ratio of interleukin-10/interleukin-12 p40 RNA, and decreased protein expression of proinflammatory markers (interleukin-12 p40 and RANTES) compared to controls. Taken together, these results suggest the macrophages were less proinflammatory and were a more pro-resolving phenotype. When stabilized with BSA, IL-4-loaded films effectively shift macrophage polarization state and are thus promising scaffolds to reduce inflammation within in vivo injury models.

Reference

Ziemba AM, D’Amato AR, MacEwen T, Puhl D, Koppes A, Koppes R, Lennartz M, Gilbert RJ, "Stabilized IL-4-loaded PLGA films shift pro-inflammatory macrophages towards a regenerative phenotype in vitro ,"

ACS Applied Bio Materials. 2(4): 1498-1508 (2019).